Fellowships are typically merit-based scholarships which fund students and alumni to conduct research/study at the undergraduate or graduate level.
Many of the fellowships listed here require a two-step application process beginning with an initial institutional nomination. The Earlham Liaison listed within each description can provide more complete application procedures.
Also check out the Ronald E. McNair Postbaccalaureate Achievement Program, which is designed to prepare students who have traditionally been underrepresented in graduate studies for graduate work leading to a Ph.D.
Fellowship application deadlines are often scheduled in the early Fall of the student's senior year. Interested students need to begin the application process during the preceding Spring semester, if not sooner.