Oxidizing agents or Oxidizers are compounds that generally donate oxygen atoms readily to a reaction, such as a fire. As such, they can increase the rate of reaction of a fire, or even cause explosive detonation given the strength of the oxidizer and the conditions.

Oxidizers are incompatible with organic materials and reducing agents and therefore should be stored accordingly.

Some common oxidizers include:

  • Nitrate compounds (such as Ammonium Nitrate)
  • Chlorate, chlorite, or perchlorate compounds (such as Potassium Chlorate)
  • Oxygen
  • Nitric Acid*

*Special Note- Nitric Acid is generally stored in an acid cabinet, but it should be isolated from organic acids, such as acetic acid, due to risk of fire or explosion.


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Earlham College, an independent, residential college, aspires to provide the highest-quality undergraduate education in the liberal arts, including the sciences, shaped by the distinctive perspectives of the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers).

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801 National Road West
Richmond, Indiana
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