Nydia Martinez
Teaching Fellow in History

Nydia Martinez is a historian whose scholarly interests include twentieth-century Mexican history with an emphasis on rural and urban social movements, the Mexican Dirty war, the Cold War and immigration.

Contact Info

Campus Mail
Drawer 25

Phone
765-983-1261

E-mail
martiny@earlham.edu

Office
Landrum Bolling Center

Office Hours
Tuesday 1:00 to 3:00 & Thursday 1:00 to 2:30

Programs/Departments

  • History

Degrees

  • M.A., University of Texas at San Antonio

Selected Courses:

Mexican History, 1821-Present — This course is design to provide an overview of critical periods, themes, and developments in the formation of Mexico as a society and as a state since its independence from Spanish rule in the early nineteenth century to the present.The goal of this course is to understand Mexico from the perspective of the Mexicans rather than from the point of view of the United States. The focus is on the role of indigenous and rural peoples, workers, and women in the construction of the Mexican national identity and how this has been used for political and social ends.

Central American Revolutions — This course examines the history of Central America since the late eighteen-century and basic concepts in the study of revolt and revolution as building blocks towards the study of revolutionary processes in Guatemala, Nicaragua, and El Salvador between the 1950s and the early 1990s. This course offers an interdisciplinary study of Central America as an area of fascinating cultural diversity as well as troubling socioeconomic and racial inequalities that served as one of the bloodiest battlegrounds for the so-called Cold War between the U.S. and the Soviet Union.

Art, Movies,and Music in the Search for Social Transformation in Twentieth-Century Latin America — During the twentieth-century Latin America was plagued with oppressive governments that forced people into violent armed uprisings. However, in these extreme repressive conditions music, visual art, performance, and film became powerful weapons of resistance against irrational violence. The goal of this course is to explore alternative and creative ways that people across Latin American have sought to challenge the racial discrimination, economic exploitation, and social injustice of their societies.

Órale vato, ¡wassápenin!: Chicana/o, Mexican American, Hispano History — This course explores the history that gave rise to the Chicana/o Civil Rights Movement (el movimiento) among Mexican and Mexican American communities in the United States. Since the 1960s Chicana/o activists addressed, celebrated, and critiqued the rich cultural heritage of the Mexican American people, the political and civil struggles of their communities, and their commitment to international contemporary cultural and political innovation. Through the course we examine the critical role of collective political activism ranging from street protests to art forms and practices (theater, cinema, music, literature) that characterized the Chicana/o Movement.

History of Latinos in the U.S. — The presence of diverse Latina/o populations across the United States has become an important subject of discussion, as scholars are trying to grapple with its significance at the cultural, political, economic, and social levels. In this class we engage with the history of the diverse Latino communities in the U.S., beginning with the U.S. expansion in the nineteenth century. The aim is to connect the history of the U.S. with those of Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, Cubans, Dominicans, and Central Americans during key historical moments like the Mexican-American War, Spanish-American War, Cuban Revolution, Dominican and Central American occupations, War on Drugs in Mexico, etc. The goal of this course is for students to understand some of the historical roots that have framed the construction of race, ethnicity, gender, and changing forms of identities of Latin Americans in the U.S.

My main interests focus on twentieth-century Mexican history with an emphasis on rural and urban social movements, the Mexican Dirty war, the Cold War, and immigration. I also work with the political activism of Mexican and Mexican Americans living in the United States (Chicana/os) and the transnational political activism established with the Mexican left through the 1960s and 1970s.

Conference Papers 

“Theater, Revolution, and Identity: Chicano/as, Mexicans, and Latin Americans at the V Festival de Teatros Chicanos, 1974” (March 2012) The Rocky Mountain Council for Latin American Studies (RMCLAS)

“Critical Works in Progress” (March 2012) University of New Mexico's Critical Knowledge Symposium   

“Chicanos y Echeverría” (January 2011) Seminario Permanente de Estudios Chicanos y de Fronteras at the Dirección de Etnología y Antropología Social (DEAS)

“Guerrillero: Mexican Manhood in the Ideological Struggle of the Cold War” (April 2009) University of New Mexico's ‘Let’s Talk about Sex’…and Gender: Colloquium   

“Transnational Revolution: The Mexican Left and Chicanos” (November 2008)  University of Southern Denmark's The Latino/a U.S.A.: Transnational Identities/Identidades Transnacionales

“Chicano-Mexican Maoist Revolution” (July, 2008) Oaxaca Summer Institute X, Oaxaca City, Mexico

American Historical Association (AHA)

The support for academic innovation and the strong sense of community across disciplines has made Earlham a wonderful place to develop new classes, research ideas, and interdisciplinary relations.

Earlham students are characterized by their desire to connect, understand and work as members of a community.

Getting to know people and communities.

Hiking, backpack around the world, running, cooking, meditation, dancing and meeting new people.

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