The Program

To study Religion is to reflect both sympathetically and critically on the ways in which human beings understand themselves and act in relationship to the world. This study encompasses matters of faith, action, human existence and the crises that have faced civilizations over time.

In our teaching we strive to acknowledge the rich traditions of the world’s religions and to invite students to explore questions of life’s meaning, purpose and worth, from multiple perspectives. Pedagogically, we endeavor to engage in rigorous intellectual study and to honor the personal seeking of our students. Consonant with Earlham’s Principles and Practices, we try to integrate the search for truth(s) and the commitment to a more just and peaceful world. We affirm our students’ identities within historical religious communities and invite them to deeper understanding of their own tradition(s) and those of others. We ask students to approach religious discourse and embodiment in subtle and complex ways, with respect for differences. We recognize the inherently interdisciplinary nature of the study of religion; 80% of our classes are cross-listed as inter- and multi-disciplinary courses.

Graduates of the Religion program have gone on to a variety of fields of study and work. Some prepare for the ministry in one of its traditional forms at a seminary or divinity school. Our majors have gone on to Princeton, Yale, Harvard, Brandeis, Claremont, Union Theological Seminary in New York, the Graduate Theological Union, Starr King, Iliff, Candler, and the Reconstuctionist Rabbinical College. Others have worked throughout the country and the world for social service agencies sponsored by religious bodies, often dedicating themselves to conflict resolution. Some students seek graduate school preparation for careers in secondary or university teaching, and a number become counselors for religious and public service agencies. Still others have gone into such diverse fields as the arts, medicine, public health, business, publishing, public relations, and law.

General Education Requirements

The Religion Department offers four courses that fulfill the Writing Intensive (WI) Requirement: REL 155, 210, 285 and 342; four courses that fulfill the Domestic component of the Perspectives on Diversity Requirement: REL 230, 299, 330 and 350; and nine courses that fulfill the International component of the Perspectives on Diversity Requirement: REL 155, 165, 171, 172, 180, 285, 310, 380 and 425. The Department also regularly offers Earlham Seminars.

The Religion curriculum integrates General Education learning goals with the wider learning goals of the study of religion. Earlham Seminars teach students the essential skills of close analysis of texts, critical thinking, cogent writing, and effective public presentations while introducing them to the study of religion as a discipline. Earlham Seminar (ES) and Writing Intensive (WI) course enhance these developing skills with the ability to synthesize themes and materials from different disciplines and genres. Courses fulfilling Domestic and International Diversity requirements introduce students to multiple perspectives on the nature of ultimate reality, humanity, and social relations, and to the role that religion plays in promoting or resisting injustice and violence. They challenge students to entertain multiple worldviews sympathetically, to ponder the nature of religion itself in all its expressions, and to learn to respectfully negotiate differences of culture and belief in classroom and community.

In addition to these general education goals, students majoring and minoring in Religion should be able to understand how religion constructs their own and others' cultures; to grasp religion as a multi-faceted phenomenon and make interdisciplinary connections between religion and other fields of experience and study; to understand the role that religion plays globally in promoting conflict and peace; to demonstrate awareness of the variety of issues and methods in the modern study of religion; and integrate rigorous intellectual inquiry with commitment to a particular faith or way of life.

The Major

Religion as a major field of study provides a center around which to integrate liberal arts studies as well as a background for vocations such as ministry, teaching, counseling and social work.

Students majoring in Religion are expected to take a minimum of 32 credits. Majors will work with their adviser to develop a program that challenges them and meets their particular needs.

  • Coursework must include four common courses:
    • REL 301 Religion Majors and Minors Colloquium
    • REL 310 Is Religion "T(t)rue"?
    • REL 360 World Faiths, World News
    • REL 488 Senior Capstone Experience: Research Seminar
  • At least one course from Block A and one from Block B:

    Block A

    • REL 171 Sacred Traditions of India
    • REL 172 Buddhist Traditions
    • REL 180 Islam
    • REL 285 Judaism
    • REL 380 Religions of East Asia

    Block B

    • REL 155 Hebrew Scriptures
    • REL 165 New Testament
    • REL 210 Quakerism
    • REL 230 History of African American Religious Experience
  • Three upper-level (300+) elective courses in Religion
  • Remaining credits from among any of the offerings in Religion

The Minor

A Minor in Religion consists of at least 20 credits, which together must satisfy the following requirements:

  • At least two upper-level (300+) courses, including REL 320 Is Religion "T(t)rue"?
  • REL 301 Religion Majors and Minor Colloquium
  • At least one course from Block A and one from Block B:

    Block A

    • REL 171 Sacred Traditions of India
    • REL 172 Buddhist Traditions
    • REL 180 Islam
    • REL 285 Judaism
    • REL 380 Religions of East Asia

    Block B

    • REL 155 Hebrew Scriptures
    • REL 165 New Testament
    • REL 210 Quakerism
    • REL 230 History of African American Religious Experience
  • Electives from general Religion offerings

* Key

Courses that fulfill
General Education Requirements:

  • (A-AP) = Arts - Applied
  • (A-TH) = Arts - Theoretical/Historical
  • (A-AR) = Analytical - Abstract Reasoning
  • (A-QR) = Analytical - Quantitative
  • (D-D) = Diversity - Domestic
  • (D-I) = Diversity - International
  • (D-L) = Diversity - Language
  • (ES) = Earlham Seminar
  • (IP) = Interpretive Practices
  • (SI) = Scientific Inquiry
  • (W) = Wellness
  • (WI) = Writing Intensive
  • (AY) = Offered in Alternative Year

*REL 150 EARLHAM SEMINAR (4 credits)
Offered for first-year students. Topics vary. (ES)

*REL 155 HEBREW SCRIPTURES (4 credits)
An examination of the religion of Israel expressed in selected portions of the Hebrew Bible (the Old Testament) in light of the results of modern critical study and within the context of ancient Near Eastern culture and history. Prerequisite: An Earlham Seminar or consent of the instructor. Also listed as JWST 155. (WI, D-I)

REL 160 FRIENDS COLLOQUIUM (1 credit)
Once a week hour-long discussion of a Quaker text, past or present.

*REL 165 NEW TESTAMENT (4 credits)
A close reading of the entire New Testament, with the goal of understanding its messages in historical context. Attention given to various theories of interpretation, the theological and ethical import of scripture, other influential and suppressed early Christian writings, the role of women in the Jesus Movement, and cultivation of one's own informed perspective. (D-I)

*REL 171 SACRED TRADITIONS OF INDIA (4 credits)
An encounter with the poets, pilgrims, gurus, gods, goddesses and ordinary devotees of major Indian Traditions including Hinduism and Tibetan Buddhism. Explores the sacred texts of the Vedas, the Upanishads and the Bhagavad Gita; the epic Ramayana; everyday worship practices at home, the temple and on the road; contemporary sages; and Hindu nationalism. Includes several films, including Gandhi and Kundun. (D-I) (AY)

*REL 172 BUDDHIST TRADITIONS: CONTEMPORARY MASTERS
(4 credits)
The Buddha taught radical inquiry into the nature of the self, the world and suffering. This discussion-based practicum will be guided by the teachings of contemporary masters and the lives of current practitioners to conduct one's own inquiries in a Buddhist style. Students will practice a variety of forms of meditation and reflection, read and discuss writings from the Theravada, Mahayana and Tantric traditions, called "The Three Turnings of the Wheel," and view films and documentaries that embody Buddhist worldviews. Also listed as JPNS 172. (D-I) (AY)

*REL 180 ISLAM (4 credits)
Topics include the early community and the life of Muhammad, portions of the Qur'an, the historical development of Islamic civilization, Sufism and issues in the contemporary Islamic world (such as the role of women, the nature of jihad and Islam's relationship to other religions). (D-I) (AY)

*REL 210 QUAKERISM (3 or 4 credits)
An introduction to the Quaker movement and its key figures and historical turning points. Focuses on the distinctive aspects of Quaker theology, including the range of views and the current areas of debate. Students become familiar with aspects of worship, business procedures and the testimonies as they are currently being practiced by Quakers "in the neighborhood" and around the world. (WI when taken for 4 credits.)

*REL 230 HISTORY OF AFRICAN AMERICAN RELIGIOUS EXPERIENCE (4 credits)
An introductory survey of the central historical events, people and faith perspectives that have shaped African American (or Black) religious experience in the United States. Includes the Middle Passage and "New World" Slavery, The Great Awakening and later Revival(s), Reconstruction, Jim/Jane Crow, Civil Rights, Black Power and Black Humanism. Also listed as AAAS 230. (D-D) (AY)

*REL 285 JUDAISM (4 credits) 
An introduction to the evolution of Jewish values from the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 CE until the present. In addition to offering a historical overview of Jewish thought and practice, particular attention to Jewish responses to modernity and to challenge and change in contemporary Judaism. Also listed as JWST 285. (WI, D-I) (AY)

*REL 299 RELIGION AND CULTURE OF HIP HOP (4 credits)
Bringing to bear written texts, music, film and other media sources, this course explores the definition and moral significance of Hip Hop as a religious and cultural phenomenon within popular culture. Specific issues explored in this course include the syncretism of religious symbols and sensibilities in Hip Hop; the racial, ethnic, sex-gendered, and class dynamics of Hip Hop; as well as the language and aesthetics of Hip Hop. Also listed as AAAS 299 and FILM 299. (D-D)

REL 301 RELIGION MAJORS AND MINORS COLLOQUIUM (1 credits)
Discussions will focus on the intersections amoung courses in Religion and courses in other disciplines with religious content or implications. Meet once a week during fall semester. Required for majors and minors in Religion. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing and above.

REL 305 SEMINAR (4 credits)
Topics determined by the instructor. Recent topics have included: Ethics of Jesus; Quakers and the Mystical Traditions, Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X (El Hajj Malik El Shabazz); Black and Womanist Theology; Topics in Islam; Religions of the African Diaspora; Quaker Women; “Human Nature” and Social Change. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing and above.

*REL 310 IS RELIGION "T(t)RUE"? (4 credits)
A critical survey of influential modern proposals concerning the nature, function and value of religion in human life. Engages students in close primary and secondary readings and analysis of (representative) major figures and themes in the global study of religion, both academically and confessionally. Incorporates resources from philosophy, theology, the social sciences and cultural studies. Prerequisite: Earlham Seminar I & II, and consent of the instructor for non-Religion or Philosophy majors and minors. (D-I)

REL 315 BIBLICAL SEMINAR (4 credits)
An advanced textual study and exegesis in one or more biblical books, or study in biblical theology. Biblical courses at Earlham School of Religion may be credited under this listing.

REL 320 PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION (4 credits)
A philosophical investigation into the phenomenon of religion, including an examination of the problems of meaning and truth in religious language and praxis. Also listed as PHIL 320.

REL 325 RELIGION AND PSYCHOLOGY (4 credits)
An exploration of intersections between religion and psychology with attention to the nature of self and wholeness in multiple traditions, "West" and "East." Topics will typically include Western psychologies and science of mind in dialogue with the Hindu understandings of Soul and Buddhist theories of consciousness. Prerequisite: Earlham Seminars I & II and one Religion course or consent of the instructor. (AY)

*REL 330 CRIMINAL JUSTICE AND MORAL VISION (4 credits)
A critical examination of the social functions and theories of contemporary criminal justice in the United States. Special attention to the collateral social consequences of the "prison industrial complex," paramilitary policing and the death penalty. Fosters moral interpretations that contribute to popular movements for positive change. Prerequisites: Earlham Seminar I & II. Also listed as AAAS 330 and PAGS 331. (D-D) (AY)

*REL 342 HISTORICAL CHRISTIANITY (4 credits)
Contemporary popular and scholarly religion has become immersed in recent years in "the Jesus wars." In this course students will examine what they can know about Jesus from original sources of his time; read and compare recent accounts of Jesus as political revolutionary, Gnostic teacher of Wisdom, and divine Lord of the universe; and assess for themselves based on the evidence who they believe this man really was and is. Students will watch films about Jesus outside of class. Prerequisite: Earlham Seminar and at least one course in Religion or consent of the instructor. (WI) (AY)

REL 360 WORLD FAITHS, WORLD NEWS (4 credits)
Considers the religious aspects of crucial current events, explores emerging religious movements, analyzes ongoing developments within religious groups world-wide, and tries to make (some) sense of it all. Topics typically include: cyber-ethics, fundamentalism, religious pluralism, liberation theologies, post-modern critiques of religion and New Religious Movements. Required of Religion majors. Prerequisite: Coursework or experience in Religion, Politics, Journalism, or activism with consent of the instructor.

*REL 380 RELIGIONS OF EAST ASIA (4 credits)
An exploration of the religious and philosophical thought and practice of East Asia, including Popular, Shinto, Confucian, Taoist and Buddhist traditions as manifested in the classical periods of cultural development as well as contemporary society. Prerequisite: One course in Religion (preferably in World Religions), one course in Japanese Studies or consent of the instructor. Also listed as JPNS 380. (D-I)

*REL 425 RELIGIOUS RESPONSES TO WAR AND VIOLENCE (4 credits)
Considers the impact of Asian religions and Jewish and Christian teachings on social conflict, and the history of teachings on war, social violence and nonviolent resistance, with case histories from the Quakers, Gandhi and other figures. Prerequisites: One course in both Religion and History, Sociology/Anthropology or Psychology. (D-I) (AY)

REL 440 FEMINIST / WOMANIST THEOLOGY (4 credits)
Traces the histories of women in the church and explores the emergence of feminist/womanist theology in the 20th century. Focuses on current feminist/womanist thought and action in today's societies. Also listed as AAAS 440 and WGSS 440. (AY)

REL 481 INTERNSHIPS, FIELD STUDIES AND OTHER FIELD EXPERIENCES (1-3 credits)

REL 482 SPECIAL TOPICS (4 credits)
Selected topics determined by the instructor for upper-level study.

REL 483 TEACHING ASSISTANTS (1-3 credits)

REL 484 FORD/KNIGHT RESEARCH PROJECT (1-4 credits)
Collaborative research with faculty funded by the Ford/Knight Program.

REL 485 INDEPENDENT STUDY (1-3 credits)
Investigation of a specific topic conceived and planned by the student in consultation with a faculty supervisor. Culminates in a comprehensive report prepared in the style of a thesis or research paper.

REL 488 SENIOR CAPSTONE EXPERIENCE: RESEARCH SEMINAR (4 credits)
A two-semester research seminar designed to provide an informative, structured and supportive group environment for the preparation and oral defense of a major research project in the study of religion. Class time devoted to identifying, developing and accomplishing this project in conversation with one another and faculty. The paper and oral interview fulfill the Senior Capstone. Prerequisite: Senior standing or consent of the instructor.

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Earlham College, an independent, residential college, aspires to provide the highest-quality undergraduate education in the liberal arts, including the sciences, shaped by the distinctive perspectives of the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers).

Earlham College
801 National Road West
Richmond, Indiana
47374-4095
1-765-983-1200 — Main Switchboard
1-800-EARLHAM (327-5426) — Admissions